Virginia cherry - red
In this article I will talk about the Bird cherry Virginia, a decorative culture that is gladly grown on sites for its beauty. Sometimes it is called so - red bird cherry. They brought her from North America. It is more often found in the form of a large multi-stemmed bush up to 5 m in height, less often - a small tree. Growing fast. It can grow into thick curtains.
Bird cherry (Prunus virginiana) - a tree from the subgenus Cherry (Cerasus) genus Plum (Prunus) family Pink (Rosaceae), in vivo growing in North America.
Description of bird cherry Virginia, or red
Virgin bird cherry blooms a little later than ordinary bird cherry, which contributes to higher yields, since the color is not damaged by spring frosts. The flowering is plentiful, the tree seems to be shrouded in white openwork foam, which gives the plant an unusually beautiful appearance. The flowers are small, two-fingered, odorless, collected in a brush up to 15 cm in length. It blooms for about two weeks.
The fruits also ripen later than in bird cherry in August-September. They look bright or dark red, taste sweet and sour, pleasant, not as tart as her ordinary cousin, and fruiting is more regular. In addition, the fruits do not fall off for a long time. They can hang on a tree until next spring, decorating it even in winter.
Fruits contain sugar, organic acids, tannins, seeds - oil. By the way, it is possible to prepare bird cherry flour from them, which is used as a filling for pies. To prepare such flour, the stalks are separated from the berries, washed, allowed to dry in the air, and then dried in the oven at a temperature of no higher than 50 degrees. Dry fruits are ground. In addition, berries are consumed fresh, added to compotes.
Care for bird cherry virginianus
Virginia bird cherry does not need special care. It is less demanding on soils than ordinary bird cherry, but loves loose, fertile, well-moistened places. Therefore, it often grows along the banks of rivers. It can grow in light shading, but it is better to plant it in a spacious, open, well-lit area. Bird cherry Virginia, a culture resistant to drought, frost, pests and diseases. It drains the soil well, and fallen leaves favorably affect its composition.
Landing of bird cherry Virginia
Virgin cherry is propagated by seeds, cuttings, shoots and root layers. It starts bearing fruit already in the 3rd year after planting when propagated by the shoot and in the 6-7th year - with the seed method. Bones are planted in the fall to a depth of 5-6 cm. If sowing is carried out in the spring, the bones are stratified for 3-4 months. in wet sand at 3-5 degrees of heat. The first 2 years, seedlings grow slowly.
Bird cherry trees can be planted both in spring and autumn. Pits are dug to a depth of 40 cm and 60 cm in diameter. On heavy soils, peat and sand are added; it is useful to add up to 300 g of superphosphate to each planting pit. For better pollination, several bushes are planted at once at a distance of 1.5-2 m from each other.
When planting Virgin cherry, remember that, unlike ordinary, it gives abundant shoots and self-sowing. Such seedlings at the age of 2 can be planted in a permanent place. The Schubert variety is especially decorative.
Bird cherry red easily crosses with ordinary and gives hybrids with intermediate characters.