Floral Aroma Calendar
“... since the breath of flowers is much more pleasant when the flower is on the plant (for then its breath spreads in the air like waves of music), and not when it is torn off and held in the hand, so far as it’s not possible to receive this pleasure, as knowledge of what kind of flowers and plants emit a fragrance around them ... there are also such flowers that, unlike the others, smell most strongly and pleasantly not when they pass by them, but when they step on them and put pressure on them ... therefore you need to plant whole alleys so you can have fun walking along them. ”
Francis Bacon On Gardens (1625)
The aromas of flowers, herbs and trees cannot be replaced even by the most expensive perfumes, the smell of which seems sharp and unnatural in the bosom of nature. Fragrant plants not only give us pleasure, but also purify the air. Even in the rooms they grow a variety of plants with a pleasant smell: jasmine, cyclamen, lemon. And at the cottage you can afford to enjoy the aromas from early spring to late autumn. Of course, there are many fragrant annuals - Reseda, Levka, tobacco. But not all of us will have time and free space for such flowers. Many prefer perennials, paying particular attention to fragrant species and varieties.
In April, immediately after the snow melts, snowdrops bloom, a little later - Galler's Corydalis, fragrant violet. If you do not stop them from growing in some corner where the leaves under the trees are not cleaned, then real carpets will form over time, and then a gentle spring smell is felt at a distance. Here you can plant a shrub wolf bast, whose fragrant sessile flowers bloom before the leaves.
Then, early daffodils and hyacinths bloom with their Easter scent. Buds burst at poplars of balsamic and fragrant, and sticky scales with the smell of incense crumble.
In the end of May the latest daffodils bloom - a modest poetic, luxurious terry Acropolis (Acropolis) - snow-white with red sterile stamens (staminodia), Sukoni jonquillia - tall, bright yellow with an orange crown, taucet-shaped Geranium, white with a red crown strong smell of hyacinth. There are other fragrant varieties belonging to these groups.
© Mark Pellegrini
Since ancient times, the garden has been associated with the image of paradise and was intended to delight all human senses. Academician D. S. Likhachev in the book "Poetry of Gardens" (1982) writes about Ancient Russia: “The monastery gardens, which symbolized paradise, were by no means utilitarian, but they must have had“ paradise trees ”- apple trees, then flowers, mostly fragrant, and attract birds.”
In late May - early June lilies of the valley reign, for me their fragrance for life is connected with the release from school and the beginning of the holidays. You can plant Berlin lily of the valley with very large dark green foliage, forming dense thickets, pink-flowered, terry or variegated forms. At the same time, the phlox spreading with tender blue flowers blooms; it smells like lilies of the valley and combines with them in color. The European leotard smells of tropical fruits, lilac - purity and freshness, and "white acacia fragrant bunches" in the evenings evoke sweet sadness. The nondescript, but fragrant flowers of silver sucker with shiny leaves blossom, the narrow-leaved sucker lags behind it by the time of flowering for a month. Tree-shaped peonies are exquisite in all respects - magnificent flowers, beautiful leaves, but at night the whole site is filled with their amazing fragrance.
The blue-purple German iris smells like violets, and the “bearded dwarf” Bright Button with brown-purple flowers emits a surprisingly strong smell of vanilla.
The earliest daylily - yellow daylily with fragrant bright yellow flowers is valued not only for its beauty - this species also tolerates redundant moisture, so it can be planted on the shores of water bodies. And the flowers that open in the morning hold for a very long time, sometimes more than a day. Middendorff’s daylily blossoms a little later; its crowded inflorescences from bright golden yellow flowers with a delicate aroma only slightly rise above compact bushes.
© Jerzy Opioła
Different types and varieties of Chubushniks usually bloom for two weeks, but you can collect such a collection to enjoy the aroma from the beginning of June to the end of July. These wonderful shrubs give shelter to birds, they can be used as hedges, as they are easy to cut.
The early varieties of hybrid lilacs are replaced by middle and late ones, then the Hungarian lilac blooms, in the middle of June - Japanese with a strong muscat odor. And Meyer's lilac blooming in June can bloom repeatedly even in September.
At the beginning of June blooming cereal iris (Irisgraminea), but you need to bend down to feel the sweet velvety aroma of white plum.
The thrilling smell of blooming linden even in a dusty city makes us feel that summer is in full swing.
© Hedi Schäfer
In June fragrant creepers bloom - honeysuckle honeysuckle and yellow honeysuckle (unfortunately, not for long), but the flowering of honeysuckle curly continues until August.
The most fragrant varieties of milky peony blossom from mid-June to early July: white Incantress (Enchantresse), creamy pink Gismonda (Gismonda), white-pink Kelway's Glorins (Kelway's Glorins), raspberry Francois Ortegat (Francois Ortegat), deep pink President Roosevelt (President Roosevelt), lilac-pink (General Bert Bertrand) and Dr. Bansby (Dr Barnsby), pink Livingstone (Livingstone) and Myrtle Gentry (Myrtle Gentry).
Somewhere near the fence or behind it you can plant fragrant raspberries, or raspberry maple (Rubus odoratus), with large (3-5 cm) bright pink flowers, its 3-5-lobed leaves reaching 10-30 cm across , very beautiful.
© A. Barra
Strawberry at the end of Juneand then the wild strawberries with fragrant berries ripen, it can be used as a groundcover planting somewhere among ornamental shrubs.
Modern American author Lon Lombau in the book "Organic gardening" recommends adding peppermint to the lawn, "which makes his haircut unusually pleasant."
In the middle of summer daylily blooms profusely lemon yellow. Its tall (110 cm) flower stalks rise above the falling leaves. Extremely plentiful (up to 65 on one peduncle) buds open in the evening and bloom all night, exuding a wonderful aroma. Astrantia major (Astrantia major) blooms for a long time and sweetly smells of honey. Among the early varieties of Japanese astilbe and Arends astilbe there are extremely fragrant: Washington (Washington), Queen of Holland (Queen of Holland). Rheinland
Amur lilac (Amur crackling) at the height of summer unexpectedly resembles spring, but at the same time, early panicled phlox already smells of pretty autumn leaves.
Fragrant roses, wild roses (rose hips) and hybrid copts (scrubs, floribundas, climbing, groundcover, park) cannot be enumerated, as well as the whole variety of shades of their smell - linseed oil, Corina, fresh apples, not to mention typical pink. If you wish, you can collect such a collection to enjoy the scents until the fall.
At the end of July luxurious lilies bloom - oriental hybrids (oriental) and orient-hybrids (OT), their exotic aroma intensifies by night. A little later, the mass flowering of hybrid daylilies begins, which have many fragrant varieties, especially among yellow and light colored ones: Olvis Present (Always Present), Awash with Color, Color, Betty Woods, Chance Encounter ), Clothed in Glory, Elegant Candy, Exotic Candy, Mystical Rainbow, Siloam Double Classic, Snappy Yellow, Vanilla Fluf If they are of the night type (that is, they bloom in the evening or at night and wither by the next evening), then it is best to plant them where you spend time at the end of the day or at night, near a reservoir or on the terrace.
In August blooming kpopogon racemose (Cimicifuga racemosa), its high magnificent sultans are noticeable from afar, its smell is pleasant, sour. Oriental lilies continue to bloom - late varieties. A wonderful plant is a polymorphic highlander, its lush creamy white brushes with the smell of buckwheat honey last more than a month.
Plants whose leaves contain essential oils can be planted in such a way as to touch them when walking or during weeding. This wormwood, lavender, tansy, mint, monard, yarrow meadowsweet, oregano. They are planted in separate curtains, at the base of ornamental shrubs, on lawns among other herbs.
Hosts are valued not only for the beauty of the leaves, many varieties have appeared with beautiful and fragrant flowers - white, lilac or lilac, which bloom in the second half of summer or early fall - Sweet Standart, Sugarand Cream, Savannah, Fragrant Bouquet, Guacamole, Color Parade, Freud Green Tomatos, Freud Bananas (Fried Bananas), Honeybells (Honeybells), Austin Dickinson (Austin Dickinson), Emily Dickinson (Emily Dickinson). Their fine delicate aroma reminds at the same time lilac, violet and lily. Psyllium hosta is also famous for the beauty and aroma of flowers, but most often it does not have enough time to bloom.
© Terren Peterson
Dense pillows, spots or loose thyme bushes look great on the slopes of the alpine hills. There are several dozen varieties with a wide range of colors of flowers and leaves.
Ground cover geraniums, large-rhizome and cantabrigian, grow beautifully in the sun and in the shade. Their leaves have a strong spicy aroma, and the plants themselves are so unpretentious and hardy that they can even be stepped on if necessary.
- Calendar of floral aromas - A. Rubinina