How to make an orchid bloom? 6 helpful tips
One of the most beautiful and bizarre flowers in home gardening are considered orchids. They look great in any home, it is pleasant to give and receive them as a gift, and the variety of shapes and colors of these indoor plants allows you to satisfy the most sophisticated tastes. Florists appreciate orchids for their unpretentiousness in care and long bright flowering. But it also happens that we can’t wait for the flowering from our beloved orchid. What to do? Is it possible to somehow stimulate the flowering of these beautiful plants in indoor conditions?
The main conditions for regular flowering orchids
It is easy to assume that a prolonged absence of flowers, when it does not apply to the rest period, indicates problems in caring for orchids. Therefore, if your orchid does not want to bloom, for starters, make sure that you provide it with exactly the conditions that it needs for a comfortable stay.
First is high humidity. But at the same time, one should not get carried away by watering and spraying too often, as this can lead not only to the rejection of flowering, but also to decay of the roots.
Watering should be done regularly, but sparingly throughout the year. In summer, orchids need more water, and they should be watered approximately every five days, in winter - once every 7-10 days.
Second - illumination. In their original growth environment, orchids choose places where there is enough light, but without direct sunlight. Given that the flower gets used to its place and does not like permutations, it is worthwhile to think carefully about where to place the orchid in the room: so that in the summer the flower does not burn the sun, and in winter the plant receives enough light.
The third condition is temperature. Orchids grown at home are heat-loving plants, so you should take care of a comfortable temperature for them and a minimum difference in this parameter.
The ideal room temperature for these subtropical plants is between
+ 19 ° C to + 24 ° C. At night, it is recommended not to lower the temperature below 17 degrees. The daily temperature difference is normally at least seven degrees. Orchids really do not like to stand in the draft.
How to make an orchid bloom?
What can be more pleasant and joyful when, after so much care and excitement, your exotic beauty finally blossoms its iridescent inflorescences? But, unfortunately, it happens differently. Even with perfect care, orchids periodically “act up” and stop blooming. What to do in such cases?
Here are some tips on how to make these beautiful plants please you again with their lush flowering. Naturally, in any case, it must be borne in mind that each type of orchid has its own duration of the rest period necessary for them. But, if you are sure that the dormant period has passed, and there is not the slightest hint of flowering, it is worth trying the following.
1. Limit watering
When proper care does not give flowering, try using shock therapy: stop watering the flower for a longer time, perhaps even about a month, and then restore its normal hydration. This does not apply to air humidity. Humidity should be maintained constantly; to do this, place a cup of water near the plant.
2. Provide additional lighting
If for some reason your orchids are located in a dimly lit place, and we are talking about the winter period, then they require additional illumination. Plants need light for photosynthesis, the formation of various organic compounds in its cells.
It can be used as additional fluorescent lamp lighting. An important condition for the lamps used is that they should not be heated. Otherwise, they will heat the leaves, and this is unacceptable. An increase in the distance between the lamp and the plant will lead to a decrease in illumination.
The most suitable for additional illumination of plants are phytolamps. For orchids, a red-white LED lamp is suitable. It gives the necessary light spectrum, and its pleasant white, slightly pinkish light also performs a decorative function.
The duration of illumination of orchids should be 10-12 hours.
Read more about the choice of phytolamps for indoor plants in the article Correct phytolamp - choose a lighting device for plant illumination.
3. Lower the temperature of the contents
A decrease in temperature is another stressful situation that stimulates the appearance of flowers. To wake up the orchid and resume its flowering, place the plant for several weeks in a colder environment (from +12 to + 15 ° C).
You can try to lower the night temperature for the plant by making a daily temperature difference of 6 degrees. In the summer, put the flowerpot on the balcony or in the garden at night, and in winter put it in an unheated room. By these actions you will stimulate a new flowering, and the orchid will soon delight you with magnificent buds.
4. Replace the pot
It is very important to choose the right capacity in which the orchid will grow. Most often, orchids in indoor conditions are grown in plastic pots. It is very important that these pots are transparent, which makes it possible to observe the presence of moisture in it and the dryness of the soil.
But it also happens that the orchid does not want to take root in such a pot. Even orchids of the same species often have individual characteristics and require a different approach. For example, the roots of some plants may be especially sensitive to an excess of moisture, poor evaporation and insufficient ventilation of the roots in the plastic; they rot there.
In this case, try transplanting the orchid in a wooden perforated basket with wicker walls. This is a great compromise between a plastic pot and a block. Numerous openings in the basket provide excellent air circulation to the roots, which will save them from damage.
About the rules for planting orchids on the block, see our article Rules for planting orchids on the block and in the substrate.
5. Check the composition of the fertilizer
Carefully select the composition of the fertilizer. The best mixtures for orchids are mixtures that stimulate the formation and growth of strong flowers. These are fertilizers based on potassium and phosphorus.
6. Give the orchid time to adapt
You just bought your orchid with beautiful flowers, but at home the plant began to drastically lose flowers and buds? Then this is probably a reaction to altered living conditions. This may be due to insufficient sunlight or altered quality of water and fertilizing.
Let your orchid get used to new conditions, observe it, changing its location in your house, choosing an individual watering regime and maintenance temperature.
Most importantly, remember that most types of orchids that you can purchase on retail chains are hybrids, and you can never say anything categorically specific about them. Each plant has its own unique characteristics and, accordingly, requires an individual approach to its content.
Observe each plant, communicate with it, select the optimal conditions for each flower in your house and then it will turn into a beautiful tropical garden. Good luck