Chlorophytum is an indoor plant, which is ideal for beginner gardeners. It combines simplicity and beauty, while not whimsical at all. Chlorophytum today is one of the most common flowerpots. In detail about how to care for a plant at home, read the article.
- Botanical description of the plant
- Chlorophytum Care
- Propagation of chlorophytum
- Possible growing difficulties
- The benefits of chlorophytums
Botanical description of the plant
Chlorophytum, Latin - Chlorophytum, folk - “spider plant”, “champagne spray”, “family happiness”, “friendly family”.
A grassy plant with drooping stems. Its long linear leaves are collected in basal bundles. Chlorophytum flowers are small, gathered in a loose panicle. After flowering, stalks of an arc-shaped form at their ends form bunches of leaves with aerial roots. Strong specimens have numerous drooping stems with leaf rosettes.
In floriculture, species are grown with green and striped linear leaves. They are collected in a basal rosette and arcuately bent to the sides, reaching a length of up to 40-50 cm. From the center of the rosette grow long flower stalks, decorated with small graceful white flowers, which later turn into small rosettes - children with aerial roots. Sometimes the flowers are pollinated and then the formation of the fruit is possible - a trihedral box. There are about 250 species of this plant.
Chlorophytum is a fairly unpretentious plant, and it is not difficult to grow it even for beginners who love indoor floriculture. It feels best in a bright or slightly darkened place. It can be attributed to both sun-loving and shade-tolerant plants. But in the shade of variegated forms, the bright color of the leaves is lost. For several hours a day, it is exposed to direct sunlight.
It adapts well to a fairly large range of temperatures. In summer, chlorophytum can be taken out into the open air, but it should be positioned so that the place where it stands is protected from wind and rain. In winter, it is desirable that the room temperature does not fall below 10 ° C.
Watered - from spring to autumn abundantly, since during the growing season he needs a lot of moisture. With a lack of water forms numerous tuberoid thickenings. In winter, watering is reduced, making sure that the substrate does not dry out between waterings.
Chlorophytum can put up with dry air, but regular spraying has a positive effect on the plant.
Chlorophytum responds well to top dressing, especially in spring. During the growing season, they are fed 2 times a month with mineral and organic fertilizers.
Chlorophytum is transplanted in the spring: in February - March, young annually, adult specimens after 2-3 years. The roots of chlorophytum greatly grow, so you need to take a wide dish.
When transplanting, be sure to pay attention to the roots of the plant: if it has formed quite a few large tuberous thickenings on the roots, this indicates irregular watering. The plant is transplanted into a substrate with soil acidity close to neutral (pH 6-7.5), light, friable. It is made up of turf, leaf, humus soil and sand (2: 2: 2: 1) or turf, leaf land and sand (3: 2: 1). Good drainage is needed.
Propagation of chlorophytum
The plant is propagated, ideally, in spring, in practice - as necessary, when the plant is too overgrown with peduncles or the roots have already filled the entire pot and there is almost no room for land.
A strong "outlet" with a leaf length of about seven centimeters can simply be dug in the next pot with the ground, and the stem connecting it to the main plant, without cutting, pressed to the ground with a hairpin. When the shoot takes root, cut the stem.
Another option is to tear off the “baby”, put it in a glass of water and wait until the roots are about 2-2.5 centimeters. (The main thing - do not forget to pour water into the tank - they love to drink growing chlorophytums). After that, plant the shoot in the pot in the usual way.
It tolerates chlorophytum division during transplantation. In this case, overgrown roots can be cut by a third - this will not affect the state of the plant.
Possible growing difficulties
The tips of the leaves turn brown (turn brown). The cause may be mechanical damage or lack of nutrition, or too warm and dry air.
Brown spots appear on the leaves. The reason may be excessive watering at high temperatures in winter.
Leaves are sluggish and pale. The reason may be an excess of heat and a lack of lighting, or a lack of mineral nutrition.
The rosette of leaves began to rot. The reason may be that the soil is waterlogged due to too much watering, especially in the winter, or because of the heavy substrate.
The leaves turn dark green and lose their mottled color. The reason is the lack of lighting, adjust it. On cloudy days, variegated forms need backlighting with fluorescent lamps.
The lack of peduncles. The reason may be that the plant is in too close a pot, or the plant is still very young.
Chlorophytums are rarely damaged by pests, but a very weakened plant can affect aphids, mealybugs, spider mites.
The benefits of chlorophytums
Chlorophytum is considered an excellent indoor air purifier, including from various harmful microorganisms. Scientists have proved that in a day a plant can destroy about 80% of pathogens and harmful fumes in the immediate vicinity of the plant.
For example, formaldehyde vapors emitted by particle boards, plastics and other modern materials are neutralized with chlorophytum by 86%, carbon monoxide by 96%, nitric oxide by 70% and 80%. One chlorophytum plant can neutralize toluene and benzene in room air. Thus, several chlorophytums are able to purify and almost completely improve the air in a medium-sized room.
The chlorophytum plant, which is very easy to care for, is truly a find for beginners in floriculture. Different color and abundance of species of this plant will help you choose a flower for every taste. And of course, do not forget about the cleansing properties of chlorophytum!