Marjoram is originally a perennial plant, but in northern conditions it is cultivated as an annual. In cooking, it is used as a spice in both fresh and dried form.
Growing marjoram requires soil equipped with organic fertilizers. Weeds are not allowed. Only light, protected from the cold wind and well warmed by the sun places will do. The best soils are sandy loam and loamy. Before planting seedlings, you need to make mineral fertilizers: 10-20 g of urea, 35-40 g of superphosphate and 10-20 g of potassium salt per square meter, after which you need to loosen the earth.
© Forest & Kim Starr
It is better to grow marjoram through seedlings, because otherwise it often does not have time to develop in the conditions of our summer. Sowing seedlings produced in sowing boxes in early March. Since the seeds are very small, they should be mixed with sand in order to more evenly sow. After 15-18 days, seedlings appear. Usually, by the beginning of May, the first pair of true leaves grows, after which the seedlings dive to a distance of 5-6 cm. Seedlings are planted in late May - early June, as soon as the night frost stops. Planting is done in rows with a distance of 45 cm between them, and 15-20 cm between each plant. If the soil during planting is too dry, watering is necessary.
Crop care consists in weeding, cultivating row-spacing, watering and fertilizing the soil. Loosening is done when the soil hardens. After 14-20 days after transplanting, seedlings should be fertilized by fertilizing between the rows: potassium salt 10 g / m2, urea 10 g / m2, superphosphate 15-20 g / m2.
© H. Zell
Harvesting is carried out during the flowering period. Plants are cut at a height of 5 cm. If, after cutting, fertilize, then after 3-4 weeks marjoram grows again. Cut plants are collected in bunches and hung out for drying in ventilated rooms.